Connor J. Fitzmaurice and Brian J. Gareau. Organic Futures: Struggling for Sustainability on the Small Farm. Yale University Press, 2016.
This is an academic analysis of organic farming by two sociologists based on classic ethnographic fieldwork at a small organic farm in Massachusetts. They introduce this book by exploring the meaning and consequences of organic “bifurcation,”
the observation that there are increasingly two organic sectors, one made up of relatively large farms that look more and more like the highly mechanized and highly capitalized conventional farms of agro-industry, and the other made up of small farms that are less mechanized, less highly capitalized more likely to sell directly to the consumer, and (at least in some cases) less likely to consider profit ahead of other concerns…we hope to extend and complicate the concept of bifurcation by paying attention to the relational, emotional, and moral underpinnings of organic farmers’ market relationships.
In trying to make a living in organic farming and to maintain personal values about how organic farming should be done, farmers encounter “moral, economic, and relational ambiguities.” The authors refer to ways in which farmers manage those ambiguities as “good matches.” Much of the book deals with what organic farmers have to do to achieve such matches.
This is real-world analysis. Anyone interested in becoming a small farmer, or in what is entailed in doing this work, will find this book a reality check.