Today’s New York Times reports:
The Obama administration has replaced immigration raids at factories and farms with a quieter enforcement strategy: sending federal agents to scour companies’ records for illegal immigrant workers. ..the “silent raids,” as employers call the audits, usually result in the workers being fired, but in many cases they are not deported.
What does this have to do with food politics?
Employers say the Obama administration is leaving them short of labor for some low-wage work, conducting silent raids but offering no new legal immigrant laborers in occupations, like farm work, that Americans continue to shun despite the recession. Federal labor officials estimate that more than 60 percent of farm workers in the United States are illegal immigrants.
In my visit to Alaskan seafood processing plants this summer, I saw cannery workers imported from the Philippines or Eastern Europe to work 16 hours a day, 6 or 7 days a week, for the minimum wage or close to it.
Residents of one remote cannery town said they all worked in canneries as teenagers for good wages. But when the large cannery moved into town, it reduced wages, increased hours, halved the amount paid to fishermen, and imported the Philippine workers. The canneries, they said, made it clear that they did not want locals working in the plants.
The result: near-poverty life for community residents and near-slavery conditions for the imported workers.
Our immigration system needs a fix to allow workers to come and go without fear of random arrests, firings, or deportations. Farm working conditions need a fix. Reexamining the minimum wage might be a good starting point.