Nutrition Facts panels on food labels are notoriously confusing. People who use them usually look for only one item such as fat or calories.
As I’ve discussed previously. the label is so difficult to interpret that the FDA devotes pages on its website to explaining it. When the FDA did the original research in the early 1990s, it tested a large number of formats. When it became clear that people did not understand any of them very well, the FDA chose the least worst—the one that was understood least poorly.
Two decades later, the FDA is revisiting the Nutrition Facts panel to make it easier to understand in the light of today’s concerns about calories and obesity. Once again, it is testing multiple formats. The results of the first round of research have just been published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (JAND), and reporters are trying to make sense of them.
FDA researchers tested 10 formats differing in number of servings and columns (1 or 2, each), font size, and wording. They asked respondents for opinions about the healthfulness of the product, number of calories and nutrients per serving, perceptions of the label, and the ability to choose healthier products and those with fewer calories. This, like the research in the early 1990s, is complicated.
For products that contain 2 servings but are customarily consumed at a single eating occasion, using a single-serving or dual-column labeling approach may help consumers make healthier food choices.
Here’s an example of one of the formats that may help:
Soda companies are already doing something like this, but a 20-ounce soda has more than 2 servings. Serving size is what confuses. If it’s 100 calories per serving, those calories have to be multiplied by the number of servings per container.
The Institute of Medicine produced two reports for the FDA on front-of-package labels and also suggested a way to integrate its ideas into the Nutrition Facts label.
Is the FDA testing this idea? I hope so.