by Marion Nestle
Feb 9 2016

Studies funded by a garlic supplement maker find specific health benefits for garlic. The score: 119/11.

I’m having trouble keeping up with industry-sponsored nutrition research so will use this week’s posts to catch up.  I’ll start with this one.

Nutrition journals often publish supplements on specific themes that are paid for by outside parties, food industry groups among them.  The February 2016 issue of the Journal of Nutrition contains a supplement with the papers from the 2014 International Garlic Symposium: “Role of Garlic in Cardiovascular Disease Prevention, Metabolic Syndrome, and Immunology.”

To distinguish supplement papers from peer-reviewed journal articles, citations give page numbers with the letter S.  The Journal of Nutrition’s exceptionally clear policy on supplement publications explains that organizers are expected to pay page charges of $75 per article and $300 per published page plus additional editorial costs as needed.  It views supplements as paid advertisements and requires full disclosure of funding sources.

Here’s the disclosure for the garlic supplement.

The symposium was sponsored by the University of California, Los Angeles School of Medicine and the University of Florida and co-sponsored by the American Botanical Council; the American Herbal Products Association; the ASN [American Society for Nutrition]; the Japanese Society for Food Factors; the Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry; the Japan Society of Nutrition and Food Science; and the Natural Products Association. The symposium was supported by Agencias Motta S.A.; Bionam; Eco-Nutraceuticos; Healthy U 2000 Ltd.; Magna; Mannavita Bvba; MaxiPharma; Medica Nord A.S.; Nature’s Farm Pte. Ltd.; Nature Valley W.L.L.; Organic Health Ltd.; Oy Valioravinto Ab; Purity Life Health Products L.P.; PT Nutriprima Jayasakti; Vitaco Health Ltd.; Vitae Natural Nutrition; Sanofi Consumer Health Care; Wakunaga Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.; and Wakunaga of America Co., Ltd. The Chair of the conference and Scientific Program Coordinator for the supplement publication was Matthew J Budoff, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA. Scientific Program Coordinator disclosures: MJ Budoff has been awarded research grants from Wakunaga of America Co., Ltd., and received an honorarium for serving as Chair of the conference. Vice-Chair and Supplement Coordinator for the supplement publication was Susan S Percival, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. Supplement Coordinator disclosures: SS Percival has been awarded research grants from Wakunaga of America Co., Ltd., and received an honorarium for serving as Vice-Chair of the conference. Publication costs for this supplement were defrayed in part by the payment of page charges. This publication must therefore be hereby marked “advertisement” in accordance with 18 USC section 1734 solely to indicate this fact. The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors and are not attributable to the sponsors or the publisher, Editor, or Editorial Board of The Journal of Nutrition [my emphasis].

Comment on scoring: Because they were presented at a symposium sponsored by food and supplement companies, all papers raise questions about industry sponsorship.  That is why the Journal requires every paper in the supplement to repeat this funding disclosure in its entirety.

But for this particular symposium, some of the papers report additional funding by Wakunaga of America, a company that, no surprise, manufactures garlic supplements.

All of the papers produced results useful to the sponsor.  Some of them, however, were independently funded and the authors report no links to the sponsor other than having given a talk at the meeting.  They did not disclose who paid for travel and hotels and without any way to check, I must assume that they paid their own expenses to the meeting in San Diego.  For the purposes of scoring, I’m not counting them as industry-funded, even though their presence at the symposium made it seem more scientifically credible.

Garlic Lowers Blood Pressure in Hypertensive Individuals, Regulates Serum Cholesterol, and Stimulates Immunity: An Updated Meta-analysis and Review.  Karin Ried.  J Nutr. 2016; 146:389S-396S doi:10.3945/jn.114.202192.

  • Conclusions: Our review suggests that garlic supplements have the potential to lower blood pressure in hypertensive individuals, to regulate slightly elevated cholesterol concentrations, and to stimulate the immune system. Garlic supplements are highly tolerated and may be considered as a complementary treatment option for hypertension, slightly elevated cholesterol, and stimulation of immunity.
  • Author disclosures: K Ried, no conflicts of interest. K Ried received travel sponsorship from Wakunaga of America Co. Ltd. to attend the 2014 International Garlic Symposium.
  • Score: industry-positive

Chemical Assignment of Structural Isomers of Sulfur-Containing Metabolites in Garlic by Liquid Chromatography−Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance−Mass Spectrometry.  Ryo Nakabayashi, Yuji Sawada, Morihiro Aoyagi, Yutaka Yamada, Masami Yokota Hirai, Tetsuya Sakurai, Takahiro Kamoi, Daryl D Rowan, and Kazuki Saito.  J. Nutr. 2016; 146:397S-402S doi:10.3945/jn.114.202317.

  • Conclusion: The ability to discriminate between such geometric isomers will be extremely useful for the chemical assignment of unknown metabolites in MS-based metabolomics.
  • Supported, in part, by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology of Japan; Japan Advanced Plant Science Network; Japan Science Technology Agency (JST), Strategic International Collaborative Research Program (SICORP); and JST, Strategic International Research Cooperative Program (SICP).
  • Score: industry-neutral

Garlic-Derived Organic Polysulfides and Myocardial Protection.  Jessica M Bradley, Chelsea L Organ, and David J Lefer.  J. Nutr. 2016; 146:403S-409S doi:10.3945/jn.114.208066.

  • Conclusion: The beneficial health effects of garlic on cardiovascular health are dependent on multiple mechanisms. Furthermore, the mechanisms of action may be mediated by the active components in garlic.
  • Supported by grants from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (1R01 HL092141, 1R01 HL093579, 1U24 HL 094373, and 1P20 HL113452; to DJL) and by the Louisiana State University Health Foundation in New Orleans.
  • Score: Industry-neutral

Aged Garlic Extract Inhibits Human Platelet Aggregation by Altering Intracellular Signaling and Platelet Shape Change.  Khalid Rahman, Gordon M Lowe, and Sarah Smith.  J. Nutr. 2016; 146:410S-415S doi:10.3945/jn.114.202408

  • Conclusion: These results indicate that AGE [Aged Garlic Extract] inhibits platelet aggregation by increasing cyclic nucleotides and inhibiting fibrinogen binding and platelet shape change.
  • Funding: Supported by a grant from Wakunaga of America Co. Ltd.  K Rahman and GM Lowe were in receipt of a grant from Wakunaga of America Co., Ltd. S Smith, no conflicts of interest.
  • Score: industry-positive

Garlic and Heart Disease.  Ravi Varshney and Matthew J Budoff.  J. Nutr. 2016; 146:416S-421S doi:10.3945/jn.114.202333

  • Conclusion: We conclude that garlic supplementation has the potential for cardiovascular protection based on risk factor reduction (hypertension and total cholesterol) and surrogate markers (CRP, PWV, and CAC) of atherosclerosis.
  • Disclosures: The authors report no funding received for this study.  R Varshney, no conflicts of interest. MJ Budoff receives funding from Wakunaga of America Co., Ltd.
  • Score: industry-positive

The Role of Adiponectin in Cardiometabolic Diseases: Effects of Nutritional Interventions.  Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo.  J. Nutr. 2016; 146:422S-426S doi:10.3945/jn.114.202432

  • Conclusions: Recently, it was reported that the administration of aged garlic extract and a single food intervention with pistachios can increase adiponectin concentrations in individuals with metabolic syndrome. Moreover, the Mediterranean diet is associated with higher adiponectin concentrations. Additional studies are needed to evaluate the potential benefits of increasing adiponectin by nutritional interventions in the treatment and prevention of cardiometabolic diseases.
  • Funding: The author reports no funding received for this study.
  • Score:  Industry-neutral

Aged Garlic Extract Reduces Low Attenuation Plaque in Coronary Arteries of Patients with Metabolic Syndrome in a Prospective Randomized Double-Blind Study.  Suguru Matsumoto, Rine Nakanishi, Dong Li, Anas Alani, Panteha Rezaeian, Sach Prabhu, Jeby Abraham, Michael A Fahmy, Christopher Dailing, Ferdinand Flores, Sajad Hamal, Alexander Broersen, Pieter H Kitslaar, and Matthew J Budoff.  J. Nutr. 2016; 146:427S-432S doi:10.3945/jn.114.202424

  • Conclusions: This study indicates that the %LAP [Low Attenuation Plaque] change was significantly greater in the AGE group than in the placebo group. Further studies are needed to evaluate whether AGE has the ability to stabilize vulnerable plaque and decrease adverse cardiovascular events.
  • Disclosures: While the study was funded by Wakunaga of America Co., Ltd., the authors are solely responsible for the design, all study analyses, the drafting and editing of the paper and its final contents…S Matsumoto, R Nakanishi, D Li, A Alani, P Rezaeian, S Prabhu, J Abraham, MA Fahmy, C Dailing, F Flores, S Hamal, and A Broersen, no conflicts of interest. PH Kitslaar is employed by Medis Medical Imaging Systems and has a research appointment at the Leiden University Medical Center. MJ Budoff receives funding from Wakunaga of America Co., Ltd.
  • Score: industry-positive

Aged Garlic Extract Modifies Human Immunity.  Susan S Percival.  J.  Nutr. 2016; 146:433S-436S doi:10.3945/jn.115.210427

  • Conclusions: These results suggest that AGE supplementation may enhance immune cell function and may be partly responsible for the reduced severity of colds and flu reported. The results also suggest that the immune system functions well with AGE supplementation, perhaps with less accompanying inflammation.
  • Funding: Support for this research was provided by Wakunaga of America Co., Ltd.  Author disclosures: SS Percival received travel expenses to the conference where this work was presented.
  • Score: industry-positive

Bioavailability of Alfrutamide and Caffedymine and Their P-Selectin Suppression and Platelet-Leukocyte Aggregation Mechanisms in Mice.  Jae B Park.  J. Nutr. 2016; 146:437S-443S doi:10.3945/jn.114.202473

  • Conclusions: These data show the adequate bioavailability of alfrutamide and caffedymine and their different mechanisms of suppressing PSE and PLA: alfrutamide exerts its effects only via COX inhibition, whereas caffedymine works through both COX inhibition and cAMP amplification.
  • Funding: Supported by the USDA (project 8040-51000-057-00).
  • Score: Industry-neutral

Garlic Influences Gene Expression In Vivo and In Vitro.  Craig S Charron, Harry D Dawson, and Janet A Novotny.  J. Nutr. 2016; 146:444S-449S doi:10.3945/jn.114.202481

  • Conclusion: Measuring mRNA gene expression in whole blood may provide a unique window to understanding how garlic intake affects human health.
  • Support: CSC, HDD, and JAN were supported by the USDA.
  • Score: Industry-neutral.

Development of an Analytic Method for Sulfur Compounds in Aged Garlic Extract with the Use of a Postcolumn High Performance Liquid Chromatography Method with Sulfur-Specific Detection.  Toshiaki Matsutomo and Yukihiro Kodera.  J. Nutr. 2016; 146:450S-455S doi:10.3945/jn.114.208520

  • Conclusion: We developed a rapid postcolumn HPLC method for both qualitative and quantitative analyses of sulfur compounds, and this method helped elucidate a potential mechanism of cis-S1PC and SAMC action in AGE.
  • Acknowledgment: The authors thank Takami Oka of Wakunaga Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. for his kind guidance for this study and critical review of the manuscript.
  • Score: Industry-positive

Pharmacokinetics of S-Allyl-L-cysteine in Rats Is Characterized by High Oral Absorption and Extensive Renal Reabsorption.  Hirotaka Amano, Daichi Kazamori, and Kenji Itoh.  J. Nutr. 2016; 146:456S-459S doi:10.3945/jn.114.201749

  • Conclusion: The pharmacokinetics of SAC in rats were characterized by high oral absorption, limited metabolism, and extensive renal reabsorption, all of which potentially contribute to its high and relatively long-lasting plasma concentrations.
  • Acknowledgment: We thank Takami Oka of Wakunaga Pharmaceutical Co. for his valuable advice, critical reading of the manuscript, and helpful suggestions.
  • Score: Industry-positive

Aged Garlic Extract Suppresses the Development of Atherosclerosis in Apolipoprotein E–Knockout Mice.  Naoaki Morihara, Atsuko Hino, Takako Yamaguchi, and Jun-ichiro Suzuki. J. Nutr. 2016; 146:460S-463S doi:10.3945/jn.114.206953

  • Conclusion: These data suggest that the antiatherosclerotic activity of AGE is at least partly due to the suppression of inflammation and lipid deposition in the vessels during the early stage of atherosclerotic development in ApoE-KO mice.
  • Acknowledgment: We thank Takami Oka of Wakunaga Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., for his helpful advice, encouragement, and critical reading of this manuscript; Yukihiro Kodera of Wakunaga Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., for the preparation of AGE; and Tadamitsu Tsuneyoshi of Wakunaga Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., for his technical advice.
  • Score: Industry-positive

This makes 8 industry-positives from this journal supplement.

But let me add one more on this topic, sent by a reader:

The effect of aged garlic extract on blood pressure and other cardiovascular risk factors in uncontrolled hypertensives: the AGE at Heart trial.  Karin Ried Nikolaj Travica, Avni Sali.  Integrated Blood Pressure Control, 27 January 2016.

  • Conclusion: Our trial suggests that aged garlic extract is effective in reducing peripheral and central blood pressure in a large proportion of patients with uncontrolled hypertension, and has the potential to improve arterial stiffness, inflammation, and other cardiovascular markers in patients with elevated levels. Aged garlic extract was highly tolerable with a high safety profile as a stand-alone or adjunctive antihypertensive treatment.
  • Funding: This trial was supported by a grant from Wakunaga of America Co Ltd, who sup­plied trial capsules and provided funding for costs of tests and research assistance. Wakunaga of America was not involved in study design, data collection, analysis, or prepa­ration of the manuscript…The authors report no conflicts of interest in this work.
  • Score: industry-positive, of course.

This brings the score since last March to 119 industry-positives/11 industry-negatives.

  • charles grashow

    SO – are you sayong to IGNORE EVERY industry funded or supported study??

    If yes you’re a moron

  • Ellen

    No, she is just saying to be extra cautious examining the results of such studies. Industry funding may cause a researcher, even if they are committed to objectivity, to have subconscious biases.

  • Farmer with a Dell

    Charles, what Marion Nestle is saying is authors of these studies all are guilty of a conflict of interest and since the study results appear to align with what Nestle surmises are the intentions of a funder, then authors of these studies may well have falsified their work to satisfy the study sponsor(s). Simply put, Nestle impugns the integrity of each and every author, leaving it up to the reader (most of whom are scientifically illiterate) to decide for themselves it the researchers are corrupt, or not. What do you suppose Nestle intends people to think?

    Ah well, anyway, here’s the current list of Marion Nestle’s professional colleagues identified by her as suspect. There are now some 625 of them…

    …(* denotes author identified by Marion Nestle as “highly conflicted”)…

    Jeby Abraham

    Richard H Adamson

    Lydia Afman

    Sherry Agellon

    David Aguilar

    Concepcion M Aguilera

    Kiran D K Ahuja

    Anas Alani

    David A D’Alessio

    Dominik D Alexander PhD MSPHab

    Michel Aliani

    Mark von Allmen

    Maria das G Almeida

    Akua F Amankwaah

    Hirotaka Amano

    GL Ambrosini

    Bashar Amer

    Sarah Anderegg

    Catherine J Andersen

    Raiana L de Andrade

    Theodore J Angelopoulos

    Marjolein Ankersmit

    Morihiro Aoyagi

    Mahendran Appukutty

    E Archer

    Fernando Arós

    Elizabeth Artalejo

    Christopher E Aston

    Arne Astrup

    R L Atkinson

    J Alejandro Austria

    Rockiy Ayettey

    Nancy Babio

    David J Baer

    Steven K Baker

    Madeleine J Ball

    Martha Nydia Ballesteros

    Marion Balz

    Katherine Baqleh

    Stephen Barnes

    TV Barreira

    Arpita Basu

    LB Bauer

    Laura L Bauer

    Jamie I Baum

    Gary K Beauchamp

    Nerea Becerra-Tomás

    Jimikaye Beck

    Carol Beevers

    LJ Beilin

    Charles Benbrook

    NT Bendsen

    S Berger

    Nathalie Bergeron

    Helle KM Bergholdt

    Adam M. Bernstein MD ScD

    Nancy M Betts

    Joseph Beyene *

    Aristea Binia

    Ashley Binns

    JK Bird

    Heike Bischoff-Ferrari

    Ann Bjørnshave

    Steven N Blair

    John E Blundell

    Raffaella Bocale

    Chris Boesch

    Mette Bohl

    Nicolas Bordenave PhD

    Dienke J Bos

    Nabil E Boutagy

    Hakim Bouzamondo

    Jessica M Bradley

    José Brandão-Neto

    Vaclav Brandejsky

    Michelle Braun

    George A Bray

    Leigh Breen

    AP Bremner

    Neil R Brett

    Carrie Brill

    Alexander Broersen

    S Brown

    Constance Brown-Riggs

    ST Broyles

    Matthew J Budoff

    Nikki Buijs

    Marco Di Buono *

    Britt M Burton-Freeman

    Jeffrey H Burton

    Laurie T Butler

    Stephanie PB Caligiuri

    L Camou

    Wayne W Campbell

    Vanessa Campos

    Michelle Cardel

    Amanda J. Carleton *

    SE Carlson

    K Carson

    Aedín Cassidy

    Ian D Caterson

    Shona Cawley

    CM Champagne

    JP Chaput

    Craig S Charron

    Prasanth K Chelikani

    Guo-Chong Chen

    Li-Hua Chen

    Ningning Chen

    Laura Chiavaroli *

    Arnaud Chiolero

    Sally Chiu

    FL Choo

    Vivian LW Choo

    Merete M Christensen

    Yi-Fang Chu PhD

    Amelia A Churnside

    Tyler A Churchward-Venne

    Timothy S Church

    Eric D Ciappio

    Roger Clemens

    Peter M Clifton

    J Colombo

    Kevin B Comerford

    Dolores Corella

    Miriam Margherita Cortese-Krott

    Adrian I. Cozma *

    L.M. Currie

    Christopher Dailing

    Trine K Dalsgaard

    Brenda M Davy

    Kevin P Davy

    Harry D Dawson

    C de Graaf

    Madison Demelloa MS

    Hans Demmelmair

    Gareth Denyer

    Camille Despland

    J-P després

    Andrés Díaz-López

    Eric L Ding

    Maureen A DiRienzo

    Giovambattista Desideri

    Georgina F Dodd

    Carolina Donat-Vargas

    Steve M Douglas

    Clemens Drenowatz PhD

    Adam Drewnowski

    Sarah Durston

    J Eales

    Andrea L Edel

    Marianne Smith Edge

    Indika Edirisinghe

    M Edwards

    M Eggersdorfer

    Ans Eilander

    M Elia

    Christina Ellervik

    Judi A Ellis

    Pauline M Emmett

    Frederick M. Enright

    Jodi L Ensunsa

    Rajaraman D Eri

    Dorte Eskesen

    Ramon Estruch

    George C Fahey Jr

    Andrew Fahim

    Michael A Fahmy

    David Falk

    Michael C Falk

    Karin Fattinger

    Flavia Fayet-Moore

    Robin Feldman

    Maria Luz Fernandez

    Claudio Ferri

    Mario G Ferruzzi

    Heverton A.O. Figueiredo

    Miguel Fiol

    Montserrat Fitó

    Linda J Flammer

    Ferdinand Flores

    M Fogelholm

    Mackenzie Fong

    Reedmond Fong

    Gary D. Foster

    Michael J Fox

    Peter Francis

    Mary Franz

    Marjorie R Freedman, PhD

    Jayne E Freeman

    Madlyn I Frisard

    Dagmar Fuchs

    Dongxu Fu

    Jonathan Fulford

    Victor L Fulgoni III, PhD

    Nicholas R Fuller

    Chenfei Gao

    Zhanguo Gao

    Ursula Garczarek

    Sarah K Gebauer

    Johanna M Geleijnse

    James Gerofi

    Peter R Giacobbi

    Roger D Gibb

    W. Gibson

    Angel Gil

    I Givens

    J Glanville

    Liana C Del Gobbo

    Janette de Goede

    Enrique Gómez-Gracia

    Miguel Ángel Martínez-González

    Jeannette Gootjes

    Susannah L Gordon

    Vishnupriya Gourineni

    Davide Grassi

    Michelle Gray

    Frank L Greenway MD

    Søren Gregersen

    Arno Greyling

    Randolph Guzman

    Vanessa Ha *

    K Hafekost

    Sajad Hamal

    Hongmei Han MS

    Jay Han

    Shu-Fen Han PhD

    Gregory A Hand PhD

    Vic Hasselblad

    Peter T Katzmarzyk

    Robert P Heaney

    James R Hebert

    Amy J Hector

    Annemieke C Heijboer

    Christian Heiss

    Rina van Hekezen

    Andrea L Henning

    Sharon J Herring

    Annkatrin Herrmann

    Isabelle Herter-Aeberli

    Jan Heuel

    Kelly A Higgins

    S Higgs

    David W Hill

    James O Hill

    Atsuko Hino

    Masami Yokota Hirai

    Marco Hoeksma

    Heather A Hoertel

    PS Hogenkamp

    Hannah D Holscher

    Jens J Holst

    Sinead Hopkins

    David Hopkins

    G Hu

    Youyou Hu

    RC Huang

    Carl J Hulston

    Matthew W Hulver

    Jordan E Immel

    Kenji Itoh

    George S Jackson

    PF Jacques

    Jonathan Jaeger

    Philip Jakeman

    MU Jakobsen

    JM Hamid Jan

    Alexandra L Jenkins *

    Erik Jensen

    Lillian Jespersen

    EJ Johnson

    William D. Johnson PhD

    Valerie N Kaden

    Takahiro Kamoi

    David Kanter

    Hakima Karimi

    David L Katz

    PT Katzmarzyk

    Sanjay Kaul

    John W Kavanaugh

    Daichi Kazamori

    Rebecca J Kean

    M L Kearney

    Carl L Keen

    Michael J Keenan

    Christian Keicher

    Kathleen M Kelley

    Malte Kelm

    Cyril WC Kendall *

    Rachel Kennedy

    Emmet Kerin

    E.H. Kerling

    Christina Khoo

    Jung Eun Kim

    Jennifer Kimball

    S King

    Pieter H Kitslaar

    B. Jan Willem van Klinken MD PhD

    K. Knights

    Yukihiro Kodera

    F J Kok

    Berthold Koletzko

    HC Koo

    Wieneke P Koppenol

    Moritz Krabbe

    Thomas Kraemer

    Ronald M Krauss

    Roland Kreis

    Gunter G. C. Kuhnle

    A Kurpad

    R Kuriyan

    Catherine Kwik-Uribe

    B Lamarche

    EV Lambert

    Jennifer E Lambertemail

    Daniel J Lamport

    José Lapetra

    Idamarie Laquatra

    Mette K Larsen

    Namson S Lau

    Paula Lavery

    A. Laviano

    Carl J Lavie MD

    Andrea L Lawless

    Maria Carmela Lechiara

    David J Lefer

    Heather J Leidy

    Lawrence A Leiter *

    Julia Le Jeune

    I Lenoir-Wijnkoop

    Kara Lewis

    Misti J Leyva

    Yan-Jie Li

    Dong Li

    Josivan G. de Lima

    A Lluch

    Julie A Lovegrove

    Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo

    Rogier Louwen

    Gordon M Lowe

    Natalie D Luscombe-Marsh

    Joanna Luttikhold

    Timothy J Lyons

    S. Maaske

    Thane G Maddaford

    C Maher

    J Maia

    Kevin C Maki

    DJ Mela

    Carmine Marini

    Jonathon L Maguire

    George R Marcotte

    Oonagh Markey

    Tania P Markovic

    Berdine R Martin

    Corby K Martin PhD

    Maria V Martin

    Roy J. Martin

    J Alfredo Martínez

    Luis Martinez MD MPH

    Daniela Mastroiacovo

    V Matsudo

    Suguru Matsumoto

    Toshiaki Matsutomo

    Richard D Mattes

    Michael I McBurney

    George P McCabe

    Linda McCabe

    Daniel McCartney

    William G McCormack

    Brian K McFarlin

    Ryan P McMillan

    Johnson W McRorie Jr.

    Anna CQ de Medeiros

    Saurabh Mehta

    Sonia Blanco Mejia

    DJ Mela

    Marc W Merx

    Maria D Mesa

    Birgit Michelsen

    Ratna Mukherjea

    Paula E Miller MPHb

    Arash Mirrahimi *

    Dariush Mozaffarian

    M Mohamed

    Tony Y Momma

    TA Mori

    Naoaki Morihara

    G Montopoli

    M Montopoli

    Cathrine M Morberg

    A Muhima

    Laura Mullaney

    Stefan Müller-Lissner

    Caoileann H Murphy

    Rachel A Murphy

    Ryo Nakabayashi

    Rine Nakanishi

    Mohd Nasir MT

    Laura Nattress

    Stefano Necozione

    AR Ness

    Theresa A Nicklas

    Kristin M Nieman

    C Ning

    Valentine Yanchou Njike

    Børge G Nordestgaard

    AK Norimah

    K Norman

    C Normand

    Kate Northstone

    Catherine Norton

    Janet A Novotny

    AR Nurliyana

    WH Oddy

    Lorraine O’Driscoll

    Amy C O’Higgins

    T Olds

    Carolyn E O’Neil

    Sadhbh O’Neill

    MK Ong

    V Onywera

    Bob Oranje

    Chelsea L Organ

    Laura C Ortinau

    Marianne O’Shea PhD.

    Kristin . Osterberg

    TA O’Sullivan

    Javier I Ottaviani

    Ana N Paiva

    Amanda E Paluch

    A Pan

    Zhaoxing Pan

    Jae B Park

    Jill A Parnellemail

    Gonca Pasin

    S Passino

    G Pavela

    Jessica W Pawlowski

    Munro Peacock

    Christine L Pelkman

    Jason Pelzel

    C Penfold

    Susan S Percival

    Antonio J Perez-de-la-Cruz

    R Perry

    John C Peters

    Paul Petraro

    Adel Pezeshki

    Stuart M Phillips

    Grant N Pierce

    Luana Pistacchio

    Sach Prabhu

    Eric A Prado

    Vivek K Prasada MD MDH PhD

    A Prentice

    P Putz

    Li-Qiang Qin PhD

    A Raben

    Angelo Raffaele

    Khalid Rahman

    Tia M Rains

    G Raman

    Oscar D Rangel-Huerta

    Rouyanne T Ras

    Kia V Rasmussen

    Frank Rauch

    Rosa M Lamuela-Raventós

    TF Raziani

    Candida J Rebello MS RD

    Karin Ried

    Holly Reiland, BS

    Raylene A Reimer

    L J Reynolds

    Panteha Rezaeian

    Adriana A. Rezende

    Maria C Rico

    Roberta Righetti

    Herman Rijna

    Eric B Rimm

    James M Rippe

    Alma E Robles

    Delfin Rodriguez-Leyva

    Ana Rodriguez-Mateos

    PJ Rogers

    Emilio Ros

    Daryl D Rowan

    Michael F. Roizen MD

    Darrell A Russell

    Jonathan Sackner-Bernstein

    Amanda Sainsbury

    Kazuki Saito

    Tetsuya Sakurai

    Aleix Sala-Vila PhD

    Jordi Salas-Salvadó MD PhD

    Avni Sali

    Jill N. Best Sampson

    Amandeep K Sandhu

    Roberto Sansone

    OL Sarmiento

    Jean Saunders

    Yuji Sawada

    R Drew Sayer

    Carmen Sayón-Orea

    Andreas Schild

    Arianne L Schild

    Anne Grethe Schioldan

    Philippe Schneiter

    Hagen Schroeter

    Dominik Schuler

    Tim Schulze-König

    John L Sievenpiper

    Lluís Serra-Majem

    Mercè Serra-Mir RD

    Rebecca S Shafer

    R Shamir

    Robin P Shook

    William Shrapnel

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  • charles grashow

    Won’t government funding do the same?

  • Ellen

    That’s a good point to consider, but the government isn’t usually selling a product. And Farmer with a Dell, if you read Nestle’s book Food Politics, you will see that Nestle isn’t saying that the study authors have falsified their work, and that most actually have the best intentions. However, researchers are only human, and subconscious biases MAY affect the authors’ interpretation of the results or cause them to overstate what can be concluded from the study. After all, the reason companies sponsor these studies in the first place is to try and get favorable results they can use to promote their products.

  • Farmer with a Dell

    Incorrect, but a nice try at spin Ellen. What Nestle states, repeatedly, is authors affiliated with her cherrypicked studies have a conflict of interest (in her opinion), thus she impugns them and recommends them to us laymen as not trustworthy, at best. We are left to imagine the worst.